President House: Rashtrapati Bhawan is the official residence of the President of the Government of India. It was called Viceroy House by the year 1950. Then it used to be the residence of Governor General of India. It is located in the heart of New Delhi. There are 340 rooms in this palace and it is larger than any other President’s place in the world. The President of current India does not live in the rooms where Viceroy lived, but they live in the guest room. Shri C. Rajagopalacharya, the first Indian Governor-General of India, was found to be full of ostentation, due to his unobtrusive interest, due to which he considered it appropriate to be in the guest room. After all, all the presidents played this tradition. Here the President meets the visitor.
President House: After 25 July 2017, His Excellency Ramnath Kovind was made President of India. The Gulab Vatika of the Museum Mughal Gardens has many types of roses and that the masses open for the general purpose, every year during February. The special thing about this building is that there is a negligible use of iron in the construction of this building.
In the year 1911, Delhi’s court was moved to transfer the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi and it was decided to move to Delhi. This decision was announced by George V on December 12. Under the scheme, the residence of the Governor General was given the rank of Chief and Superintendent. British architect Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, who was a prominent member of the town plan, was entrusted with the design of this building site. According to its original plan, something was to be made that is a mix of eastern and western style. In some people’s opinion, this palace should have been of a traditional style, which is in ancient Greek style. But this would clearly demonstrate Western power in India, which was invalid. On the other hand, many people were of the view that it is full of Indian style. Several proportions of the mixture of these two were also proposed. Then Viceroy said, that the palace would be traditional, but without the Indian sample. This was the design, which is standing in tangible form today. This palace was made in almost the same form, which Lutyens sent Baker from Shimla on June 14, 1912. Lutyens’ design was largely traditional, which was highly motivated in Indian alphabetical explanations, details, etc. Also, according to Viceroy’s order. Lutyens and Becker, who were entrusted with the task of Viceroy House and Secretariat, they worked very well in the beginning, but subsequent disputes. Baker was given the task of planning two Secretariats in front of this building. According to initial planning, Viceroy House was built on the top of Raisina Hill and the two secretariats were to lay down. Later it was decided that the Secretariat would be left behind only 400 yards and on the hill. According to the purpose of the Lutyens, this building was situated at the altitude, which had to slip behind its original plan due to the secretariat, as well as the two secretariat next to it, so that he was buried in sight. This was the reason for their dispute. On completion of this palace, Lutyens fought a good fight with Baker, because the view of the Viceroy house was interrupted due to the high angle of the road.President House: Lutyens regarded this controversy as the status of BarkRulu (in reference to the Battle of Waterloo). But despite a lot of effort, it could not be changed. He wanted that the road should come on a long grid from the building to the bottom, so that the view of the building is not obstructed, and also from a distance view. In 1914, a committee formed with Baker and Lutyens decided that the road shade would be 1 in 25, which later became only 1 in 22. The more steep skyscrapers interfere with the cost of the building. Lutyens knew that this grill would not be able to fully show its view. Then he requested to reduce it. In 1916, the Imperial Delhi Committee canceled the offer of looting. The Lutyens still understood that Baker had more interest in making money by making the government happier and not focusing on the architectural motifs of the good class. Lutyens traveled almost every year in India and England in the twenty-two years, to build a viceroy building in both places. He had to make the size of the building many times smaller due to Lord Harding’s budget control. Although Lord Harding had instructed to reduce costs by controlling expenses He wanted, however, that there would be a certain amount of glory in the building.
An integral part of Indian architecture on the building is small domed structure – umbrella Various Indian designs were added and added to the building. They are surrounded by spherical plates / ponds (painted), which are located on the top of the building and in which water fountains are also located, they are integral parts of Indian architecture. There are also traditional barricades, which are out of eight feet out of the wall, and are full of flowers. These buildings stop falling in the windows of direct sunlight and in the monsoon, the rain water and the shower prevents them from going. Many umbrellas built on the roof, the portion of the roof of the house, where the main dome is not made, prevents them from having a flat view. Lootians has used many Indian style samples in appropriate places, which are quite impressive. Some of these are the snake made in the garden, elephants decorated on pillars (painted) and lions (painted) sitting on small pillars. The British architect Charles Sargent Jagar, known for his many war memorials, had decorated elephants made on outer walls. Along with this, he had built complete bass relief near Jaipur pillar.
President House: The jars made of red sandstone were also inspired by Indian architecture. On the east side of the building, on the east side, there are twelve unequal pillars, which have a border of vertical lines and bake with acanthus leaves, with which the bell is made in four pendant form, which is the Indian Hindu religion Is an essential part of the temples There is a bell at each upper angle of each column. It was alleged that because these bells are calm, so the British state will not be finished in India. There is no window in front of Prasad, except for the ones made towards the edges. Lutyens have also put some personal effects in the building, such as a place in the wall of the garden and two skylight in the state hall, which seem to be like glasses. The building was mainly completed in 1929, with the rest of New Delhi, and its official inauguration took place in 1931. It is an interesting fact, that this building was completed in seventeen years and found only seventeen years in the British state. In the eighteenth year of its completion, it came to an independent India. In 1947, after the Indian independence, the then Viceroy stayed there and, finally, since the Republic of India, since 1950, the Republic of India became the President and changed its name to the Rashtrapati Bhavan. Its dome, according to the Lutyens, was described by Roman Pantheon. Although it is originally derived from the Sanchi Stupa, Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh, which was built during the Maurya period. There are also components of European and Mughal architecture. The building is completely different from other British buildings. It has 355 furnished rooms. Its land area is 2,00,000 square feet (19,000 square meters). This building has 700 million bricks and 3.5 million cubic feet (85,000 cubic meters) of stone, with minimum use of iron.