Indian general election, 2019
Indian general election, 2019. For the formation of the 17th Lok Sabha, the Indian general elections will be organized in the country from April 11 to May 19, 2019, in 7 phases. Election results will be announced on May 23.
In addition to the general elections, assembly elections in Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim will also be made.
543 elected members of Lok Sabha will be elected by a pre-post-post poll from single-member constituencies. The President of India nominates one additional two members.
Elections will be done in 7 phases. Counting of votes and results will be announced on May 23. Elections in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal will be in maximum 7 phases.
Election Commission of India
The Election Commission of India (English: Election Commission of India) is an autonomous and semi-judicial institute which was formed in India to choose a representative in India’s representative institutions from independent and fairly different. The Indian Election Commission was established on January 25, 1950.
The Commission currently has one Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners. It was a single-member body since it was first formed in 1950 and only on 15th October 1989, with the Chief Election Commissioner. From October 16, 1989, to January 1, 1990, it was R. V. S. Shastri (M.N.A.) and SS, as Election Commissioner Dhanova and V.S. Three-member body, including Sehgal became. It became a single-member body from January 2, 1990, to September 30, 1993, and then became a three-member body from 1 October 1993.
Appointment and time of election commissioners
The President of India appointed the chief election commissioner and other election commissioners. The term of the Chief Election Commissioner is 6 years or 65 years, whichever is earlier, while the other election commissioners are of the age of six years or 62 years, whichever is earlier. Respect and salary of the Election Commissioner are similar to the Judge of the Supreme Court of India. The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed only by the Parliament through impeachment.
The Election Commission of India has the power related to the election of assembly, Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and President etc. whereas the State Election Commission is related to the election of Gram Panchayat, Nagarpalika, Mahanagar Parishad and Tehsil and District Council.
Work and methodology of Election Commission
- Election Commission has the responsibility to supervise, direct and organize the election, it elects President Vice-President, Parliament, State Legislative Assembly
- Prepares. elective rolls
- register the political party
- Classification, recognition of political parties as national, state-level parties, election symbols
- Advising the President / Governor on the disqualification of MP / MLA (except party change)
- Disqualify persons using incorrect interpretation measures for election
Election Commission’s powers
According to the Supreme Court’s ruling, the powers of the Election Commission in the election 324 cannot be governed by the executive. Its powers are governed by the constitutional measures of elections only and the parliamentary electoral system is controlled by the power to supervise, direct, control and organize elections. And to hold a fair election is also inherent, where such parliament is elected Concerned in silence keeps EC unlimited power to conduct the elections is, however, supposed to be natural justice, rule of law and the use of force by
The Election Commission can not violate the legislation made by the legislature and neither can it do voluntary work, its decisions are eligible for judicial review.
The Election Commission’s powers are complementary to the election methods and not to be used against the law made by the effective and valid process.
This commission can determine the election schedule, has the power to allocate symbols and to issue instructions to conduct a fair election.
The Supreme Court also interpreted its powers, saying that it is the only tribunal that prescribes the election program and is the only task of making the election.
Annex 14, 15 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 also gives the authority the right to issue the election notification to the governor in accordance with the advice of the Election Commission
Election reform in India
Such modifications have been made since the Representation of People Act 1988.
1. The electronic voting machine will be used. It was used all over the Lok Sabha elections of 2004.
2. Political parties must have compulsory registration with the Election Commission, if they wish to contest, a party will be registered only when it adheres to the fundamental principles of the Constitution and incorporate it into its own party constitution.
3. Occupy polling station, counterfeit vote
Prime Minister of India
The post of Prime Minister of the Republic of India (General Spelling: Prime Minister) is the post of Chief of the Indian Union. According to the Indian Constitution, the Prime Minister is the head of the Council of Ministers of the Central Government and the Chief Adviser to the President. He is the head of the Government of India’s executive and is accountable to the Parliament for the work of the government. In the parliamentary political system of India, the post of the President of the head and the head of the government has been completely divided. Theoretically, the Constitution declares the President of India the head of state and, in principle, implicates all powers of governance to the President. And the Constitution also specifies that the President will use these rights on the advice of its subordinate officers. The Constitution has given power to all executive powers exercised by the President, democratically elected, Prime Minister. The Constitution prescribes the constitutional rights and duties of the Prime Minister in various paragraphs of Part 5.
In Article 74 of the Indian Constitution, the Presence of the Prime Minister is clearly considered to be necessary for presiding and conducting the Council of Ministers. In the case of his death or renunciation, all councils have to leave the post. He voluntarily constitutes the Council of Ministers. The President appoints the minister only by his advice. The same determines the Department of Minister’s Department. The same determine the work of the cabinet. He gives instructions to the administration of the country and he also takes all the policy decisions. The contact between the President and the Council of Ministers is also the same. The Chief Spokesperson of the Council of Ministers is also the same. He leads the parliamentary debates to be fought in the name of the ruling party. He can participate in any debate being fought in the Council of Ministers in favor of the Council of Ministers. The coordination between the minister also does the same. He can order any information from any ministry as required.
The Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha, and his appointment is to prove the majority in the Lok Sabha by the President of India. No timelines have been set on this post, but a person can remain on this post only till the majority in the Lok Sabha is in his favor.
The constitution, in particular, provides the prime minister full control over the Union Cabinet. The office bearer of this post makes the most controlling power given on the government machinery, the Prime Minister as the most powerful and influential person in the Republic of India. Due to being the leader of an atomic weapon state, including the world’s seventh largest economy, second largest population, the largest democracy, and the world’s third largest military forces, the Indian prime minister is counted among the world’s most powerful and influential people. In 2010, Forbes Magazine ranked the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh at 18th place in the list of the world’s most powerful people, and in 2012 and 2013, they were placed at the 19th and the 28th position respectively. His successor, Narendra Modi, was named the 15th place in 2014 and the world’s 9th most powerful person in 2015.
This position was established with the present duties and powers, on January 26, 1947, with the transformation of the Constitution. From that time to the present time, a total of 15 office bearers have given their service to this post. The first officer to be appointed to this post was Jawaharlal Nehru, while the current Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, was appointed on May 26, 2014.