Constitution of India
Constitution of India Constitution of any country is a mirror of its orders objectives and values. This Constitution protects the fundamental rights of the citizens of that country. The Constitution must be maintained in order to maintain law and order in the country. The Constitution of the country determines this. Who will have the power to make decisions in the country? The constitution clearly shows how the government will be formed in the country. Yika certain power of the judiciary and the executive and I, it’s clear that what under what circumstances is the institution will use much power, how I can be very important for the constitutional state to establish the state of law and order and peace.
The constitution of India
Constitution of India: Indian constitution was created keeping in mind the political and social status of the time. This Constitution provides citizens with opportunities for their multifaceted development and curbs the power received by the State and the Center against the citizens. Withholds the negative freedom of the citizens so that citizens can become involved in the prosperity of the country and from the,m to any other citizen No problem of any kind will arise.
Some important point
Constitution of India is the largest written constitution in the world.
According to Gandhiji’s statement in 1922, “India will be in accordance with the wishes of India”, the constitution was created keeping in view the need of the public.
On the initiative of Annie Besant in 1922, a joint meeting of members of both the Houses of the Central Legislature was held in Shimla, it was decided to convene a conference to consider the question of the Constituent Assembly.
The Commonwealth of India Bill was presented before the all-party convention held in Delhi.
In May 1928, a committee set up in the Chairman of Motilal Nehru for determining the principles of the constitution of India in the All-Party Conference held in Mumbai was known as the Nehru Report.
In June 1934, the Congress executive announced that the option of a white paper is that the Constitution should be prepared by the Constituent Assembly elected on the basis of adult franchise.
Congress passed a resolution in the Lucknow session of 1936 and declared that it was imposed by any external authority that India would not accept the constitution.
In the 1940s, the British Government officially accepted the demand for the Indian Constituent Assembly for the first time, but this acceptance came with indirect terms.
In 1942, the UK clearly accepted the Cripps plan, which was to be set up in India to form an elected Constituent Assembly which would form the Constitution for India after World War II.
By the proposal of the Cabinet Mission of 1946, eventually, a draft of the infrastructure for the creation of the Constitution of India was accepted, which was named as the Constituent Assembly.
At the time of formation of the Constituent Assembly, there were 389 members in the Constituent Assembly, out of which 292 provinces and 93 were elected from the State Principals and 4 were from the commissioning areas. According to each place, three major sects were divided into Muslim Sikhs and ordinary sect.
On December 13, 1946, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru presented a motion regarding the objectives of the Constitution in the Constituent Assembly, according to this proposal there were some following characteristics.
India will be an independent ruling state.
All the components of the government will be empowered by the public.
A union will be formed in all areas of India.
Security will be arranged for people belonging to the minority-poised and tribal areas of the last areas.
The proposal was accepted by the Constituent Assembly on January 22, 1947, according to which the preamble of the constitution of independent India is also based on these countries.
Committees of the Constituent Assembly
In addition to the Constituent Assembly, some committees were constituted to constitute constitution, the purpose of creating committees was to make the work of constitution creation easier. I Constitution creator wants that in any way a Constitution should be made that the needs of the people Complete the constitution of the constitution was a major responsibility of the makers and to fulfill this responsibility, the Constituent Producer I had less time. Committees were formed to complete this great work in less time so that different committees could be assigned different tasks. These committees are the process committee, committee of work, negotiation committee, steering committee and format. Appeared as a committee
In October 1947, the Consultation Branch of the Secretariat of the Constituent Assembly drafted the constitution on 15 November 1948 Article paragraph began on the draft constitution.
The first reading of the constitution was held in the Constituent Assembly till 4 November 1948.
The second reading on the Constitution in the Constituent Assembly began on November 15, 1948, and ran till 17 November 1948.
After this, the constitution, created by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, was finally passed and, by adopting the Constitution, the Constituent Assembly dedicated this best document to the nation.
Some Articles of the Constitution were enacted on 26th November 1949, the rest of the Constitution was implemented from January 26, 1950, due to the historical significance of January 26.
To complete this entire work, it took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to complete, whereas the only draft of the Constitution was discussed for 114 days.