Constitutional amendments: The constitution makers had previously anticipated that the constitution may have to be changed in the future at this time. This is the reason that the constitution makers created a flexible constitution and incorporated the process of amending the Constitution, its foresight Has introduced
To change any act or to add justice act by a special majority of Parliament is called a constitution amendment. For this type of amendment, it is necessary to have a special majority in any house. After getting a special majority, the bill is sent to the second house. If the bill is passed from another House then the bill is sent to the President’s permission and only after getting the permission of the President. Should not be less than two-thirds of 50% of members voting for Members of the House in a special majority is changed in Bill Act
Some constitutional amendments are done with the special majority and the approval of the states. The amendments in this category are related to the conservative structure. In order to amend this kind of sub-members, two-thirds majority of each House of Parliament and at least 50% Support of the Legislative Assembly of States is necessary as if we have to amend the President’s election-related electoral college or the election process, the state for the Approval of this must be done. Similarly, the consent of the states is also taken for the formation of the supreme and high court and the area rights, and so many other issues come into this category.
Constitutional amendments The Indian Parliament has been made so powerful that it can amend not only the other act but also modify Article 368 of the amendment process, but the Constitution Amendment Bill is passed when it is accepted by the President. But the President can not refuse to allow any bill. This provision is clarified in the 42nd amendment to the Constitution.
Let’s look at some important constitutional amendments
Some Important Constitutional Amendments
1 The first Amendment Act of 1951, 1951, according to this amendment, in accordance with this amendment, the security of the State on the right of liberty and friendly relations with foreigners, in the interest of public order or right of court, the right to impose reasonable restrictions on inciting crime And as well as the jurisdiction of the right to property rights under Article 31A and Article 31B Programming has been limited
2 The Second Constitution Amendment Act, 1952 was enacted in 1953, according to the provisions of Article 81, amending 1B, a representative on the population of every 7:30 lakhs was terminated for the Lok Sabha to be elected.
3 According to the Constitution Amendment Act 1954, which was amended in 1955, the revision of the third list of Seventh Schedule was revised to 33
4 The amendment to the Constitution Amendment Act, 1955, paragraph 31 and 31, and 305, has been amended in accordance with this amendment to the Central Government or State Government for the welfare of any person, and the question of compensation will not be in the jurisdiction of the court.
5 Amendment in Article 3, according to the Constitution Amendment Act, 1955, it was prayed that the State’s territorial limits or names will transmit the bill to the views of the President State Legisla